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解读: 《省人民政府办公厅关于全面推行行政规范性文件合法性审核机制的实施意见》

解读单位: 鄂州市司法局办公室 解读类型: 部门解读 发布日期: 2019年11月05日
解读方式: 图文方式 来源:快乐飞艇官网_快乐飞艇下载-安全购彩 鄂州市司法局办公室 关联政策:

  《湖北省人民政府政策文件解读实施方案的通知》(鄂政办函〔201938号),现就《省人民政府办公厅关于全面推行行政规范性文件合法性审核机制的实施意见》(鄂政办发〔201925快乐飞艇官网号,以下简称《实施意见》)解读如下:  

  一、《实施意见》出台的背景和重要意义 

  行政规范性文件是行政机关依法行政的重要依据,覆盖行政管理的各个领域,也就是俗称的“红头文件”。近年来,全省各级政府和省政府各部门对行政规范性文件合法性审核工作日益重视,取得一定成效。但同时,在推进合法性审核机制工作方面也存在一些问题。比如,有的对完善行政规范性文件合法性审核机制重要作用的认识还不到位,有的对行政规范性文件制定主体和范围不明确,有的审核程序不规范、审核标准不统一,有的审核工作衔接机制不严密,还有些地方和部门存在审核能力不足等问题。这些问题严重制约了合法性审核机制作用的发挥,导致实践中经常会出现一些“奇葩”文件,引起公众和社会舆论批评。全面推行行政规范性文件合法性审核机制,是推进依法行政、快乐飞艇官网法治政府的必然要求,有利于维护国家法制统一、政令统一,有利于从源头上防止违法文件出台、促进行政机关严格规范公正文明执法,有利于保障人民群众合法权益。对坚持依法治国、依法执政、依法行政共同推进,坚持法治国家、法治政府、法治社会一体快乐飞艇官网,实现国家治理体系和治理能力现代化具有十分重要的意义。省政府办公厅印发的《实施意见》,是结合湖北实际认真贯彻落实国务院办公厅《关于全面推行行政规范性文件合法性审核机制的指导意见》(国办发〔2018115快乐飞艇官网号),对建立健全行政规范性文件合法性审核机制的具体内容作出了具体规定,旨在有效解决“谁来审”“审什么”“怎么审”等问题。 

  二、《实施意见》给出的行政规范性文件界定办法 

  依据《国务院办公厅关于加强行政规范性文件制定和监督管理工作的通知》(国办发〔201837号)对行政规范性文件的定义,行政机关制定发布的决定、公告、通告、意见、通知,以及标题采用“规定”“办法”“细则”“规范”“规程”“规则”等字样的公文,一般情况下属于行政规范性文件。这次在《实施意见》中又对行政规范性文件的范围作出了排除性规定,明确指出行政机关内部执行的管理工作制度、机构编制、会议机要、工作方案、请示报告及表彰奖惩、人事任免等15类事项的文件,不纳入合法性审核范围。同时,也规定了可纳入合法性审核范围的5快乐飞艇官网种特殊事项文件。强调要结合本地本部门工作实际,开展对行政规范性文件界定方法的探索和研究,及时制定科学、简便、有效的行政规范性文件界定操作指引,为行政规范性文件管理和合法性审核工作创造有利条件,力争做到凡涉及公民、法人和其他组织权利义务的行政规范性文件,均纳入合法性审核范围,确保全覆盖,应审必审。 

  三、《实施意见》对行政规范性文件“谁来审”、“审什么”的规定 

快乐飞艇官网  《shishiyijian》guiding,xianjiyishangrenminzhengfusifaxingzhengbumenjixianjiyishangrenminzhengfubumenfazhijigou,shibenjizhengfuhezhengfubumendefadingdexingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefaxingshenhejigou。yixianjiyishangrenminzhengfuhuozheqibangongjigoumingyiyinfadexingzhengguifanxingwenjian,youtongjirenminzhengfusifaxingzhengbumenjinxinghefaxingshenhe;yixianjiyishangrenminzhengfubumenmingyiyinfadexingzhengguifanxingwenjian,youbenbumenfazhijigoujinxinghefaxingshenhe;xianjiyishangrenminzhengfubumenqicao、guanjingbenjirenminzhengfutongyiyibumenmingyiyinfadexingzhengguifanxingwenjian,youbenbumenfazhijigouxianjinxinghefaxingshenhe,tongjirenminzhengfusifaxingzhengbumenzaijinxinghefaxingfuhe;xiangzhenrenminzhengfujijiedaobanshichuyimingquezhuanmenshenhejigouhuozhejuyoufalvzhuanyesuzhidezhuanmenshenherenyuande,youbendanweijinxingxingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefaxingshenhe;weimingquezhuanmenshenhejigouhezhuanmenshenherenyuande,tongyiyouxian(shi、qu)renminzhengfuquedingdeshenhejigoujinxingshenhe。 

  gejishenhejigouyaoyifayangeshenheyixianeirong: zhidingzhutishifouhefa;shifouchaoyuezhidingjiguanfadingzhiquan;neirongshifoufuhexianfa、falv、fagui、guizhangheguojiazhengceguiding;shifouweifashelixingzhengxuke、xingzhengchufa、xingzhengqiangzhi、xingzhengzhengshou、xingzhengshoufeidengshixiang;shifouweifazengjiabanlixingzhengxukeshixiangdetiaojian,guidingchujuxunhuanzhengming、zhongfuzhengming、wuweizhengmingdeneirong;shifoucunzaimeiyoufalv、faguiyijuzuochujiansungongmin、farenheqitazuzhihefaquanyihuozhezengjiaqiyiwudeqingxing;shifoucunzaimeiyoufalv、faguiyijuzuochuzengjiabendanweiquanlihuozhejianshaobendanweifadingzhizedeqingxing;shifoucunzaiweifazhidinghanyoupaichuhuozhexianzhigongpingjingzhengneirongdecuoshi,weifaganyuhuozheyingxiangshichangzhutizhengchangshengchanjingyinghuodong,weifashezhishichangzhunruhetuichutiaojian;shifouweifanxingzhengguifanxingwenjianzhidingchengxu。shenhejigouyaogenjubutongqingxingtichuhefa、buhefa、yingdangyuyixiugaideshumianshenheyijian。 

  四、《实施意见》对行政规范性文件合法性审核工作流程的规定 

  为解决报送材料不完备、报送程序不一致和审核时限不明确等问题,主要从三个方面作出规定:一是明确了起草单位报送合法性审核的材料要求。拟送合法性审核的行政规范性文件,其送达的材料应当包括起草机关负责人签批的送审意见、制定机关办公机构对行政规范性文件进行合法性审核的意见、文件送审稿及说明、制定文件所依据的法律法规规章和政策规定、有关行政措施的预期效果和可能产生的风险、征求意见及意见采纳情况、起草部门的合法性审核意见、其他有关材料等。二是规范报送审核程序。制定机关办公机构在对制定该文件的必要性、可行性、合理性和材料的完整齐备性、规范性进行审查的基础上,符合要求的,转送审核机构进行合法性审核,不符合要求的,退回起草机关补充完善。行政规范性文件合法性审核机构无特殊事由,应及时受理并审核。审核机构要求起草机关当面沟通、询问或重新修改文件、补正程序、补充材料的,起草机关应予积极配合。三是明确规定合法性审核时限。合法性审核时间一般不少于5个工作日,最长不超过15个工作日(补充征求意见、组织论证、听证、返回起草单位修改补充的时间不计算在合法性审核时限内),特殊情形下,按《湖北省行政行政规范性文件管理办法》(省政府令第379号)第十八条规定办理。 

  五、《实施意见》对提升行政规范性文件审核质量和效率的规定 

快乐飞艇官网  shenhejigouyinggenjugongzuoxuyao,linghuoyunyongduozhongfangshijinxinghefaxingshenhe,yitigaozhilianghexiaolv。duiyingxiangmianguang、qingkuangfuza、shehuiguanzhudugao、falvyinandudadexingzhengguifanxingwenjian,yaozaishumianzhengqiuyijiandejichushang,caiquzhaokaizuotanhui、lunzhenghuidengfangshitingquyouguanfangmianyijian。yaojianlijianquanzhuanjiaxiezhushenhejizhi,zujianxingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefaxingshenhezhuanjiaku,chongfenfahuizhengfufalvguwen、gongzhilvshiheyouguanzhuanjiazuoyong。biyaoshiyekecaiquzhengfugoumaikuailefeitingguanwangdefangshi,pinqingyouzizhidedisanfangjinxingxingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefaxingshenhe。yaoyituozhengfuhuozhebumenzhengwuneiwang,dajianhefaxingshenheguanlixinxipingtai,shizhiyugongwenguanlixitongxiangxianjie,shixiandianzishenheyitihuahepingtaihulianhutong。yaojijikaifazhinengxingzidonghefaxingshenhefuzhuxitong,tuidonghefaxingshenhegongzuobiaozhunhuazuoye,gexinshenhefangshi。jianlihefaxingshenhetaizhang,duiyishenhedexingzhengguifanxingwenjianshixingdongtaihua、jingxihuaguanli。jianlihefaxingshenhexinxigongxiangjizhi,chongfenliyongdashujujishuheziyuan,jiaqiangduishenheshujudetongjifenxi,tuidongxinxigongxianghezhenghe,qieshitigaoshenheshixiao。 

  六、《实施意见》关于行政规范性文件审核责任的规定 

  yaoshixingxingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefaxingshenhegongzuozerenzhi,liqingxingzhengguifanxingwenjianzhidingjiguan、qicaojiguan、zhidingjiguanbangongjigou、hefaxingshenhejigoudegongzuozhize,yichongfenfahuihefaxingshenhejizhiduiquebaoxingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefayouxiaodebaguanzuoyong,budeyizhengqiuyijian、huiqian、canjiashenyidengfangshidaitihefaxingshenhe。weijinghefaxingshenhehuozhejingshenhebuhefadewenjian,budetijiaojitishenyi。shenhejigouweiyangelvxingshenhezhizedaozhixingzhengguifanxingwenjianweifa,zaochengyanzhonghouguode,yijiyifazhuijiuhefaxingshenheyouguanzerenrenyuandezeren;weijinghefaxingshenhehuozhebucainahefaxingshenheyijiandaozhixingzhengguifanxingwenjianweifa,zaochengyanzhonghouguode,yijiyifazhuijiuyouguanzerenrenyuandezeren。 

  七、《实施意见》对各地各部门贯彻落实的具体要求 

快乐飞艇官网  weiquebaohefaxingshenhejizhiluodaoshichu,qieshifahuibaozhangxingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefayouxiaodejijizuoyong,《shishiyijian》zhuyaocongzuzhilingdao、nenglikuailefeitingguanwang、zhidaojiandudengsangefangmian,tichuleguancheluoshiyaoqiu。yishijiaqiangzuzhilingdao。quanshenggejizhengfujiqibumenzuoweixingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefaxingshenhezhuti,yaozijuebaxingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefaxingshenhegongzuozhiyuyifaxingzhenggongzuoquanjuzhongmouhua,naruzhongyaogongzuoricheng,jishiyanjiujiejuegongzuozhongdezhongyaowenti。yaozuzhikaizhanxingzhengguifanxingwenjianzhidingzhutiqingli,zaiduixingzhengguifanxingwenjianzhidingzhutibeiandengjidejichushang,tongyibianzhixingzhengguifanxingwenjianzhidingzhutiqingdanbinggongshi,tiqingshehuigejiejinxingjiandu。yaoducujianliwanshanyouguanzhidu,xihuajuticuoshi,mingquezerenfengongheshijianjindu,dingqibudingqijiancha,quebaoluoshidaowei。ershizhuzhongnenglikuailefeitingguanwang。quanshenggejizhengfujiqibumenyaotongguoshelizhuanmengongzuojigouhuozhemingquexiangguanjigoufuzehefaxingshenhegongzuo,jianlijianquandingqipeixunhegongzuokuailefeitingguanwangzhidu,duoxingshikaizhanyewuxuexihejingyankuailefeitingguanwangdengtujing,buduanjiaqianghefaxingshenherenyuanzhengguihua、zhuanyehua、zhiyehuakuailefeitingguanwang,renzhenluoshishenhezeren,quebaohefaxingshenhegongzuoyoubumenchengdan、youzhuanrenfuze。sanshiqianghuazhidaojiandu。yaojiangxingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefaxingshenhejizhikuailefeitingguanwangqingkuangnarufazhizhengfukuailefeitingguanwangduchaneirong,jiangxingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefaxingshenhegongzuonarufazhizhengfukuailefeitingguanwangkaohepingjiatixi,jianliqingkuangtongbaozhidu,duigongzuozhashi、chengxiaoxianzhudeyuyibiaoyangjili,duigongzuokaizhanbulidejishiducuzhenggai,duigongzuozhongchuxianwentizaochengbulianghouguodeyijiyifawenze。gejirenminzhengfuduisuoshubumen、shangjirenminzhengfuduixiajirenminzhengfuyaojiaqiangzhidaojiandu,faxianwentijishijiuzheng。shenhejigouyaojianlijianquantongjifenxi、guifanzhidao、goutongxianjie、wentitongbaodengzhidu,jiaqianggongxingwentiyanjiu,dingqixiangzhidingjiguan、qicaodanweitongbaobendiqu、benbumenhefaxingshenheqingkuanghecunzaidewenti,qieshitigaoxingzhengguifanxingwenjianzhiliang。 

  八、《实施意见》对全省司法行政部门组织贯彻落实工作提出的具体措施 

  全面推行行政规范性文件合法性审核机制快乐飞艇官网工作已列入全省2019年法治政府快乐飞艇官网督察任务和考评指标体系。全省各级司法行政部门负责组织协调、统筹推进、督促指导本《实施意见》的贯彻落实工作。要及时跟踪了解落实情况,督促检查指导行政规范性文件合法性审核机制快乐飞艇官网,总结快乐飞艇官网推广工作经验,研究协调解决共性问题。贯彻落实情况和工作中遇到的重要事项请及时报省司法厅。 

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